The following are my main takeaways from the video, quoting and paraphrasing the content.
What makes something
sacred is that it is an inexhaustible fount of
insight and intelligibility that is transformative of us.
Plato was traumatized by the death of Socrates. Plato wanted to understand how people could be so foolish.
inner conflict is when you have two strong motives that seem to be working against each other. Examples:
Plato started psychology. 3 centers in our psyche:
|man||head||reason||truth||long term goals||abstract||understanding||can learn|
|lion||chest||thymos||honor||mid term goals||cultural||participation||can be trained|
|monster||stomach, genitals||appetite||pleasure||immediate goals||superficial||salience||can be tamed|
thymos is the part of you that is motivated socially.
shame is when you have lost the capacity to get respect from your peer. guilt is when you feel that you have failed to meet your own ideal of who you should be.
You want the 3 centers to be in harmony.
Reducing inner conflict makes you be more in touch with reality and better at picking up real patterns in the world. This helps further reduce inner conflict, in a virtuous cycle.
People only see the shadows, but they don’t know. One escapes and sees reality.
enlightenment, of coming into the light.
You pick up on real patterns, that challenges you and blinds you, then you transform to pick them up, then you are able to move forward, then you confront those real patterns again, in a cycle.
anagoge is the this ascent into reality.
Analogous to movie The Matrix from 1999.
Essence, formula, structural-functional-organization, logos.
How you know something and the pattern that makes it be what it is.
e.g. you have an intuitive grasp of what a bird is.
This idea was taken up by Aristotle, Plato’s greatest disciple.
Previous: episode 4.